When committing resources, often there are resources that you do not want to store in the repository. For example, external editors might create temporary files in your project, compilation of .java files might create .class files, or some build operations might result in binary files. When put together, these generated files may be quite large. They may also be regenerated whenever a build is performed, resulting in many outgoing changes. Typically these are not files that one wants to persist in the repository or to share with other members of a team.
Team CVS has two related tasks that allow you to control which files are stored in the repository: adding a resource to version control, and ignoring a resource.
Team CVS does not automatically add files to version control. Rather, it's your choice to explicitly add files to version control. This is accomplished by selecting the Team > Add to Version Control menu.
When performed on a file, it will add that file to version control. The result is that the CVS repository immediately creates an entry so that it can start maintaining history state for that file. This occurs even before you commit the file to the repository.
When adding a folder or project, the action will recursively descend into sub-folders, adding those files it finds to version control, provided the files have not been explicitly ignored.
Tip: When committing files, if the selection either directly or recursively contains files which have not been added to version control, you will be prompted whether or not you want them added. This is a convenience function to help ensure that you do not miss committing new resources which were unintentionally never added.
There are several facilities that allow you to specify which resources should be excluded from version control:
Tip: Once a resource is under version control, it cannot be subsequently ignored easily. This is why you must invoke an explicit command to add resources to version control.
Team programming with CVS
Creating a global ignore pattern
Authoring the CVS .cvsignore file